Left Behind? Russia in the New Industrial Revolution
(This article was originally posted in Carnegie Moscow Center's site "Eurasia Outlook" on March 12)
The endless fighting in Ukraine, the Islamic State's brutal onslaught and Islamic terrorism in Europe, and the territorial disputes in the South China Sea--it is as if Armageddon were upon us. But amid all the turmoil, some very profound trends are quietly taking shape. That is the advent of a new Industrial Revolution, the impact of which is still difficult to determine; it may elevate human civilization to an unknown height or, on the contrary, destroy it.
In the coming age, automobiles will become truly automatic, drones will deliver pizzas, robots will replace manual labor, artificial intellect will replace intellectual labor, genetic engineering will create super humans and super animals, and nanotechnology will generate new materials. The list goes on.
Russia is working on some of these innovations, particularly in the nuclear, cosmonautical, and military spheres. However, most next-generation products are being developed and manufactured in the Pacific basin by ASEAN countries, China, India, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United States. The gap between the area producing and benefitting from technological innovation and the area embroiled in turmoil is likely to widen even more. Which area will Russia belong to?
I regularly visit one business school in Russia, telling the students there about how the world economy outside Russia functions. But the majority of the students are intent on finding cushy jobs in large state enterprises, where they will not need knowledge of crucial aspects of modern business like marketing, research and development, outsourcing, quality control, personnel management, and finance. The students think they know everything about the world: "It is dominated by the wicked and greedy United States."
As such, Russia will not be able to keep pace with the outside world. If Russia does not possess sufficient economic strength (I do not mean simply hard currency--I mean the capacity to create wealth by real production), surrounding countries will not willingly ally with it.
I know that some Russians are convinced of the unique status and mission of their nation in the world. But contrary to Leo Tolstoy's famous aphorism, men (and women) do not live with ideas alone. We need bread, too. If only the Russian elite understood this.
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